While there are many causes and types, the most commonly encountered types are as follows:

1 – The third molars, also known as wisdom teeth, can cause pain and swelling in both themselves and surrounding tissues due to positional abnormalities during or after eruption, especially in individuals aged 20 or younger. Among the distinguishing symptoms are pain radiating towards the jaw, headache, difficulty swallowing, and a bad taste in the mouth.

2 – Any painful or painless swelling that appears on the cheek always suggests the presence of inflammation at the root tip of a tooth as the first step. Only a correct diagnosis can be made by radiological and clinical examination together.

3 – For severe toothaches that begin in the evening or awaken from sleep at night, the first intervention to be done, even if it is taking a painkiller, is to see a dentist as soon as possible. These types of pain occur in teeth with very deep active decay or very deep fillings. Treatment of these conditions, which are indicative of infected pulp tissue, is only possible with root canal treatment.

4 – Gum abscess is a localized bacterial infection that surrounds the gum tissue. Inflammation, swelling, redness, and pain during chewing can be observed. It can affect a single tooth or spread throughout the jaw. The deepening pockets of the relevant teeth must be monitored and cleaned by a periodontologist.