After the cause and depth of the broken tooth are diagnosed, treatment options are evaluated if the tooth is deemed capable of staying in the mouth.
Usually, the underlying cause of tooth fractures is decay. Weakened teeth due to advanced decay can break during an opposing chewing force or even while eating something soft.
The first criterion to be evaluated is the depth of the fracture. In cases where the fracture has progressed deep under the gum line, a surgical operation called gingivectomy is necessary before restoration treatment. During this surgical procedure, necessary adjustments are made to the gum tissue and underlying bone to restore the level of the fracture to an achievable level. After a sufficient healing period, the appropriate restoration is placed on the tooth.
If there is a deep decay among the causes of the fracture, root canal treatment may also be required.