Dental misalignments are attributed to two main factors, genetic or environmental. Some of the outcomes influenced by genetic factors include the lower jaw being positioned ahead of the upper jaw, one jaw being larger or smaller than it should be in relation to the other, missing or extra teeth, and abnormal frenulum attachment. Examples of environmental factors include premature loss of baby teeth, traumatic effects, harmful functional habits (such as finger sucking, nail biting, teeth grinding, mouth breathing, swallowing disorders, etc.).

After clinical and radiological examination, possible orthodontic treatment options are evaluated based on the diagnosis. These options may include clear aligners (such as Invisalign, Ortho…), metal or ceramic braces, and lingual braces.

Since the patient’s cooperation with the orthodontist is crucial during the treatment, if it is thought that this factor cannot be adhered to, other treatment options can be considered. However, it should be known that orthodontics is always the most appropriate first step in treatment.

Prosthetic treatment can successfully solve some misalignment problems, but depending on the degree of misalignment and the desired outcome, excessive abrasion of certain teeth may be required, causing excessive sensitivity in the relevant teeth. If this does not subside, root canal treatment may be required later on.